CBD seems to be the latest trend in the health and wellness industry.
With claims of helping people relieve stress and anxiety, pains, inflammations, and loads of other health benefits.
Cannabidiol also known as CBD, is one of the chemical compounds called ‘cannabinoids’ found in the cannabis plant.
CBD has blown in popularity over the years across major countries of the world and is rapidly picking up the pace in Nigeria.
If you’ve never heard about CBD Oil before or you’re searching for more information on CBD, then this guide is for you.
This is the most comprehensive guide on CBD Oil in Nigeria.
We share with you the nitty-gritty, legal status, and answers to all frequently asked questions about CBD Oil.
Furthermore, we explain the mechanisms of how CBD works in the body and the roles of the endocannabinoid system.
As a bonus, we include a section where you can learn more about various CBD products, steps to take, and precautions before using them.
Without further ado, let’s get started.
CBD Oil In Nigeria: Search Trends
Over the past five years, there has been an increase in the trends of Google Searches for CBD Oil in Nigeria.
This shows a growing demand for CBD oil and other related products amongst Nigerians.
Widespread media coverage, testimonials, and positive feedback from people who have used CBD have also skyrocketed.
Statistics show that 80% of CBD Users in major markets like the U.S. are pleased with the effectiveness of CBD products.
Bill To Legalise Hemp Cultivation For Producing CBD Oil In Nigeria:
In 2019, the governor of Ondo State, Rotimi Akerelodu made a call to the Nigerian government to legalise hemp cultivation for medical purposes.
There have also been several campaigns by health experts and politicians, for the legalisation of hemp cultivation and the production of CBD in Nigeria.
Currently, there is a bill in the house of representatives to legalise hemp cultivation for the production of CBD oil in Nigeria and other medical uses.
The bill has passed its second reading and is currently being worked on before the third reading.
If it scales through, it would go through the same process at the Senate before finally reaching the President and signed into law.
According to organisations pushing for hemp legalisation, the CBD industry has lots of potentials and when tapped into would also boost the economy.
What is CBD (Cannabidiol)?
CBD short for Cannabidiol is the second most common cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant.
The cannabis plant is made up of different components which include cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, minerals, and fatty acids.
Unlike the cannabinoid THC that causes the ‘high feeling’, CBD is non-psychotropic and shouldn’t get you high.
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that function as neurotransmitters and bind to cannabinoid receptors all over the body.
They help to carry signals and information, which regulates the activities of cells in various parts of the body.
There are two main classes of cannabinoids.
-Endocannabinoids: These are endogenous cannabinoids that are produced in the body to ensure your body systems functions properly.
There are two prominent endocannabinoids produced in the body, they are Anandamide (AEA) and 2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG).
-Phytocannabinoids: These are cannabinoids derived from plant sources that mimic the cannabinoids produced in the body.
Apart from CBD and THC, there are other types of phytocannabinoids which include; CBG, CBN, CBC, THCa, CBDa, THCv, and CBDv.
CBD Oil vs Hemp Oil: What’s The Difference?
Although both gotten from the cannabis plant, there’s a huge difference between hemp oil and CBD Oil.
Hemp Oil mostly known as hemp seed oil is the oil extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant and contains no CBD.
Due to high amounts of rich omega fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals in hemp seed oil, it has been incorporated into hair and skincare products.
These products made from hemp seed oil have been available in the Nigerian market for quite some time now, hence the confusion.
CBD Oil on the other hand is gotten from the flowers, leaves, and stalks of the hemp plant because these are the only parts where it can be extracted from.
When CBD is extracted from the hemp plant, it is usually referred to as CBD-rich raw hemp extract.
This extract contains phytocannabinoids, terpenes, and other essential components found in the cannabis plant.
Raw hemp extract is then dissolved in a carrier oil e.g hemp seed oil or coconut oil, which helps to transport CBD into the body.
This is what is known as CBD Oil.
Depending on the type of CBD Oil being made, some components of the hemp extracts may be removed or retained during processing.
Hemp vs Marijuana: The Confusion?
In Nigeria, Marijuana and Hemp are words used interchangeably to classify all types of cannabis plants.
But there is a difference between Hemp and Marijuana.
Hemp and Marijuana are different plants of the same Cannabis family known as ‘Cannabaceae’.
Here’s an analogy that explains the difference between both types of plants.
Oranges and Lemons are different fruits entirely, however they can both referred to as citrus fruits because they’re from the citrus family.
Marijuana is a type of cannabis plant containing high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive component of the cannabis plant that causes the high feeling.
It is grown for smoking and other recreational purposes hence, it is illegal to grow and use marijuana.
Hemp, on the other hand, is a class of the cannabis plant that has very low levels of THC.
It is usually grown industrially for its fiber and raw hemp extracts made into CBD products.
By law, for hemp to be legally cultivated it must contain less than 0.3% THC, higher levels of CBD, and other beneficial components found in the hemp plant.
CBD Oil is regarded safe and legal for consumption, as long as it’s made from the hemp plant with less than 0.3% THC.
In essence, Marijuana is not hemp and Hemp is not marijuana.
Types Of CBD Oil In Nigeria:
While discussing the difference between hemp oil and CBD oil, we mentioned there are various types of CBD Oil.
As the CBD industry grows, we expect to see lots of changes in terminologies, but these are the main types of CBD oil in Nigeria.
Depending on the type of CBD Oil being made, they’re classified as Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, or CBD Oil Isolate.
Full Spectrum CBD Oil:
The full-spectrum CBD oil is a type of CBD Oil that’s made using all the components found in the cannabis plant.
Cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals gotten from the cannabis plant are present in the full-spectrum CBD oil.
This includes less than 0.3% THC which maintains the natural balance of all these compounds in the cannabis plant.
Researchers say all components of the cannabis plant work better when combined than they would individually.
It is popularly known as the ‘Entourage Effect’, where all the components of the cannabis plant work in synergy to produce better results.
Broad Spectrum CBD Oil:
Similar to the full spectrum, the broad spectrum CBD oil contains all beneficial cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant except THC.
It is refined to remove all traces of THC and is ideal for people who’d prefer taking CBD Oil with 0% THC.
The Broad Spectrum CBD Oil also maintains the natural balance of other cannabinoids like CBG, CBN, CBC as well as terpenes, vitamins, and minerals.
CBD Oil Isolate:
This type of CBD Oil contains only the cannabinoid, CBD.
CBD-rich hemp extracts are refined and purified, to get pure CBD called ‘CBD Isolate’.
It is devoid of other beneficial cannabinoids and compounds gotten from the cannabis plant.
According to Dr. James Sharkey, the Chief Science Officer at Hempworx “In a purified Isolate form, CBD is a solid crystal and difficult for the body to absorb”.
So when it’s put in a natural carrier oil like hemp seed oil or CBD Infused topical creams, the fats, and other molecules in there help carry the CBD into the body.
Types Of CBD Products In The Nigerian Market:
There are various types of CBD products in the marketplace, but these are the most common CBD products in Nigeria.
- CBD Oil Bottled Tinctures
- CBD Infused Topical Creams
- CBD Infused Gummies, Coffee, and Brownies.
The only downside of having different CBD products is the varying bioavailability of CBD.
The bioavailability of CBD is the amount of CBD that gets absorbed into the bloodstream and used up by the body.
This means the effectiveness of CBD depends on both the methods of consumption and the type of products used.
CBD Oil tinctures are usually administered sublingual (under the tongue) and can have a bioavailability of up to 60%.
Making it one of the most popular and effective ways to consume CBD.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About CBD Oil In Nigeria
With lots of misinformation out there it’s usually tough to separate facts from fiction.
Before we get right into the benefits and roles of the endocannabinoid system, we’ll answer some frequently asked questions about CBD Oil.
This section would help to dispel wrong notions and clarify your doubts about CBD.
Is CBD Oil Legal In Nigeria?
The question of CBD Oil being legal in Nigeria or not is where things get interesting.
Laws concerning the use of cannabis in Nigeria states that “Any part of the plant of the genus cannabis is illegal to use, sell or purchase”.
These laws imply that hemp, marijuana, and their by-products which include oils, leaves, extracts, CBD, and others are illegal to sell and use in Nigeria.
However, popular products of the cannabis plant like hemp seed oil have been in the Nigerian market place for quite some time.
Beauty and skincare products made from these by-products usually get the approval of necessary regulatory bodies before hitting the marketplace.
In Nigeria, it is common knowledge that hemp seeds promote hair growth and as such are being recommended amongst individuals.
Furthermore, there are brands of CBD Oil from other countries that ensure they become fully NAFDAC compliant before entering the Nigerian Market.
These and many other factors question the legal status of CBD, a non-psychotropic component of the cannabis plant in Nigeria.
Can CBD Oil Get You High?
No! CBD Oil does not get you high because it is non-psychotropic.
If properly made, CBD Oil gotten from the hemp plant contains less than 0.3% THC and shouldn’t get you high.
The component of the cannabis plant that causes euphoria or the feeling of being high is a cannabinoid known as Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
THC interacts with the CB1 receptors present in the brain and nervous system, which alters your perception.
In some cases, if CBD Oil is taken in very high doses, it may cause drowsiness.
This depends on individual body chemistry, the ability to produce endocannabinoids, and how the cannabinoid receptors are expressed in the body.
However, studies show that CBD could potentially help to mitigate the psychoactive effects of THC.
CBD Oil and Wellness: Roles Of The Endocannabinoid System
The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is a system of cannabinoids, cannabinoid receptors, and metabolic enzymes that promotes homeostasis.
Homeostasis involves all the processes responsible for regulating and maintaining a state of balance in the body.
Whenever there is a disturbance or change in how the body normally functions, the Endocannabinoid System adjusts these changes and maintains a state of balance.
According to researchers, the ECS is responsible for regulating immune system response, improve cell signalling, appetite, mood, memory, and other processes in the body.
This directly impacts our state of health and reduces the risks of developing chronic illnesses and various conditions.
The ECS functions with the help of endocannabinoid protein receptors attached to cells all over the body.
These receptors receive chemical signals from endocannabinoids, phytocannabinoids, and different stimuli which influence how body cells respond.
There are two main types of endocannabinoid receptors found in the body, the CB1, and CB2 receptors.
The CB1 receptors are mostly found in the brain and nervous system, while the CB2 receptors are found in peripheral organs associated with the immune system.
The effects of cannabinoids on these receptors show potential health benefits in improving how the body functions in many ways.
According to researchers, they may be responsible for improving memory, mood changes, boosting the immune system, and reducing inflammations in the body.
How Does CBD Interact With The Endocannabinoid System (ECS)?
Cannabinoids like THC and anandamide interact with the ECS by attaching themselves directly to the endocannabinoid receptors.
CBD has a low affinity for these receptors and does not directly bind with them as other cannabinoids do.
Some researchers suggest CBD delays the breakdown of other cannabinoids in the body, thus increasing their overall effects.
While others believe CBD interacts with other cannabinoid receptors and molecular targets in the body.
CBD interacts with the ECS and endocannabinoid receptors in ways that are not fully understood.
However, lots of research and clinical studies show positive interactions when CBD is introduced into the body.
Health Benefits Of CBD Oil In Nigeria:
Over the years we have seen first hand the amazing benefits of CBD Oil in helping people live healthier and better.
Unlike regular medications that mask symptoms, CBD Oil helps to bring lasting solutions by tackling the root causes of health problems.
Almost all functions of the body can be traced back to the ECS at some level and if targeted properly, CBD may help restore deficient systems in the body.
When one feeds the body CBD, it activates the endocannabinoid system to function properly and maintain a proper state of balance.
Studies show that CBD oil has potent anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects which reduces the risks of developing autoimmune disorders.
CBD Oil Helps To Relieve Symptoms Of Chronic Conditions
A recent survey of the most common use of CBD Oil shows it is mostly used to help relieve symptoms of chronic illnesses.
People use CBD oil for relaxation, to relieve stress and anxiety, improve sleep quality, reduce pains and inflammations.
We have also been digging deep into tons of research papers and clinical trials to find possible health benefits of CBD Oil.
From our research, CBD shows lots of potentials in autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, diabetes, epilepsy, hypertension, and a whole lot more.
Learn more on our guide to the top 10 Health Benefits of CBD Oil.
Are There Side Effects Of CBD Oil?
If you haven’t taken CBD before, it is not out of place to experience some mild side effects when taking CBD Oil for the first time.
Mild side effects like drowsiness, fatigue, dry mouth, and headaches due to detoxification are not uncommon.
While some people may experience mild side effects, others may not experience any side effects at all.
Due to genetics and differences in body chemistry, no two people react to CBD Oil the same way.
However, there may be certain conditions that may lead to major side effects like liver damage.
Learn more on our guide to CBD Oil Side effects, Drug Interactions, and Safety warnings.
Getting Started With CBD Oil In Nigeria
In major countries like the U.S., there are over a thousand brands of CBD products available to consumers.
One study found out that roughly 70% of all CBD products in the U.S. Market are mislabeled.
Some products contained more CBD than specified on their labels, while others contained little to no CBD at all.
From what we know, wrongly labelled products often lead to complications when taking CBD as one may not know what exactly goes into their body.
Considering most brands of CBD Oil in Nigeria are gotten from the U.S. this might also be a cause for concern.
Where To Get Quality CBD Oil In Nigeria (Step-by-step Guide)
Most CBD products in Nigeria are usually gotten from online retail stores where they’re sold and shipped to consumers.
Like every other growing industry out there, certain individuals are always looking to sell inferior and unsafe products.
To the detriment of the consumers’ health, all they care about is making some money.
However, if you’re looking to get quality CBD Oil in Nigeria, we got you covered.
There are certain requirements you should look out for before getting CBD oil in Nigeria.
Requirements like where the products are gotten from, their certificate of analysis, and third party testing carried out on their products to show safety and transparency.
We’ve put together an in-depth guide, that walks you through the buying process of CBD Oil in Nigeria.
Learn more on our Step-by-step Guide for choosing quality CBD Oil in Nigeria.
Final Thoughts On CBD Oil In Nigeria:
It is no doubt that the CBD Oil revolution is upon us and the Nigerian Market is prepping up to capitalize on this fast-growing industry.
Since Nigerians opt for taking natural routes to find lasting solutions for health problems, CBD may just be the long-awaited answer.
A large number of Nigerians are faced with health challenges and CBD shows promising effects in providing holistic remedies for total wellness.
Several organisations are also looking to cash in on this fast-growing industry to provide jobs for people and boost the economy.
Either way, the CBD industry has lots of potentials which the Nigerian government can benefit from if properly tapped into.
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Sources: https://joyorganics.com/ultimate-guide-to-cbd-oil/ https://sensiseeds.com/en/blog/countries/cannabis-in-nigeria-laws-use-history/ https://www.healthline.com/health/endocannabinoid-system https://www.curepharmaceutical.com/blog/the-role-of-the-endocannabinoid-system-in-the-human-body/ https://www.thenationonlineng.net/concerns-over-plans-to-legalise-cannabis-farming/